The European Interoperable Database (EID) for CH is designed to provide a unique framework for Civil Protection operators and international Authorities operating in Cultural Heritage field (Ministries, European Union (EU), UNESCO, Etc.) and a supporting decision tool to understand the risk of damage to Cultural Heritage in case of natural disasters, as well as the related impacts on social cohesion, sustainable cultural tourism and engagement with local communities in protecting the environment, as envisaged by the Union Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM) (Decision 2014/762/EU). It helps in developing a disaster risk reduction strategy according to Sendai Framework principles identifying tailored actions and investments to improve both prevention and resilience capacities.
In particular, the EID structure supports the following features:
- European Heritage Map based on EU Standards for geo-spatial data harmonizing and sharing (ex. INSPIRE), supporting core information (typology, economic value, materials, vulnerability, procedures for recovery/movement, actions to be avoided, operational decision tools, etc.);
- Cadaster of happened disasters with evaluations about affected items, prevention measures, operations and results, direct or indirect financial losses and social consequences (also for examining cost-benefits issues of risk prevention measures);
- Risk scenarios monitoring and modelling in specific disasters, identifying risk factors, vulnerability and priorities to orient prevention strategies;
- Advice-Seeking and good-practice sharing for specific disasters scenarios;
- Crowd-data acquiring from citizens and stakeholders, helpful to establish priorities according to Cultural Heritage assets-related belonging feeling or social issues;
- 3D models to help finding/recognizing dispersed artworks/art pieces, support restoration in post-emergency and preserve the “digital memory” in case of destruction or damage